angunasix | catalyze

in it for the
back haul

New cargo program to carry thousands of pounds of recyclables out of Nome
Photography by Joe Nicholson / Alaska Airlines
Kawerak street lined with cars with people crossing road
Kawerak collects electronic waste from Nome and 16 surrounding communities.

his spring Alaska Air Cargo launched a program to carry up to 50,000 pounds of recyclable waste each year out of Nome, Alaska, supporting clean-up efforts in rural communities along the Bering Sea and saving valuable local water resources.

The recyclables — electronic waste items left over from used consumer goods — are collected from 16 communities around the Seward Peninsula Bering Strait region and packed onto pallets by employees of Kawerak, a Native nonprofit corporation in Nome that is partnering with Alaska Air Cargo in the project. Kawerak also supports the region through programs ranging from education to natural resource management to economic development.

The pallets of recyclables will fly from Nome to Anchorage regularly during the spring-fall seasons, replacing pallets of water that have been used as ballast to level out the aircraft. Air cargo services around the world use ballast after their aircraft drop off cargo and fly back empty, and Alaska Air Cargo’s aircraft carry much more cargo into Nome than they carry out.

“Empty planes fly much better with ballast, but instead of moving water and throwing it away, we’re going to use clean electronic scrap as ballast and really do something good for the community,” said Jeff Olver, Alaska Air Cargo director of cargo operations for Seattle and the state of Alaska. Because the recyclables will replace water jugs that had been filled in Nome to create the ballast weight, this program will also save more than 6,000 gallons of local water each year — the equivalent of 20 days of water used by an average American family household.

Auk Tozier, an Alaska Airlines ramp agent in Nome, and Anahma Shannon, Kawerak environmental program director
Auk Tozier, an Alaska Airlines ramp agent in Nome, and Anahma Shannon, Kawerak environmental program director, have worked together on the program to backhaul electronic waste from rural Alaska as ballast on cargo freighters.

An Alaska Airlines ramp agent’s innovative idea

Caitlin Auktweenna “Auk” Tozier was in a unique position to recognize this opportunity for Alaska Air Cargo to support her community’s recycling efforts. In her job as an Alaska Airlines ramp agent in Nome, she fills and loads the water jugs used as ballast. She also works for Kawerak as a technology specialist in a program that supports tribal members pursuing distance education, and she observed the community efforts to collect recycling, which would then sometimes sit for months waiting for a space on a barge headed to a recycling plant in Seattle.

“Rather than send these empty jugs to Nome, and then fill them all with water to send back, why don’t we just send some of these recyclables?” Tozier wondered. With family roots going back generations in Nome and in the village of Deering on Kotzebue Sound, Tozier had been raised to care for her environment — a responsibility embedded deep in her family’s Inupiaq values — and she saw an opportunity to bring those values into her work with Alaska Airlines. She took the idea to use recycling as ballast to her station manager and the Alaska Air Cargo leadership team.

“Respect for the land and nature is important to us. Any recyclables we can carry out won’t have to remain in this community, where we don’t have the resources to process them.”

The new recycling program joins initiatives across Alaska Airlines to reduce its environmental impact—including replacing the top five waste-producing items in onboard service by 2025—and it allows a smaller station like Nome to contribute to the company’s larger recycling efforts in a big way.

“Our rural terminals don’t have the same resources as our bigger terminals companywide,” Tozier said. “We are responsible for bringing a lot of consumables into the community, and this is a way of taking responsibility, so they don’t all end up in the landfills, which are running out of space.”

Anahma Shannon, environmental program director at Kawerak unloading boxes off of a truck
Anahma Shannon, environmental program director at Kawerak, moves boxes of recyclable electronics. She says recycling is really about improving public health.
Plane taking off of runway
Empty planes fly much better with ballast, and rather than hauling clean water out of Nome as ballast, Alaska Air Cargo freighters can now be ballasted with electronics waste.
Auk Tosier and a coworker load recycling onto and Alaska Air Cargo plane
Auk Tosier and a coworker load recycling onto and Alaska Air Cargo plane. Tosier initiated the recycling program in coordination with Kawarek.
Forklift operator loading a pallet
Some of the 50,000 pounds of recyclable waste Alaska Air Cargo plans to fly out of Nome this year moves toward departure.

What the program means to the communities

Kawerak environmental program director Anahma Shannon has been on the forefront of saving recyclable waste from the region’s landfills since 2010. “Materials come into our communities and they never leave,” she said. “Heavy equipment, lead-acid batteries, electronics, all these things — it’s so expensive to get them here, and nobody’s going to pay to get them out when they’re not worth anything. Our communities just get full of materials that aren’t good for their environment.”

The landfills also have limited space, so rural communities regularly burn trash to make room for more. “By creating a system to get recyclables out of our communities, we’re helping them maintain a clean environment which improves human health,” Shannon said.

Kawerak has been partnering with regional carrier Bering Air for more than a decade to move clean recyclables like electronics, lead-acid batteries and fluorescent bulbs from smaller communities to Nome, and local participation is high. “People save their recyclables so they can be backhauled,” Shannon said. “They want to protect their environment here because they know how essential it is to their livelihood and the subsistence way of life.”

The new partnership with Alaska Air Cargo will allow more of the electronic waste to leave Nome each year and reach recycling plants in Seattle faster. Eliminating wasted water is important to the community, too. “Clean water is valuable and scarce in a lot of places in our world,” Shannon said.

The great part about doing this work is that you know you’re contributing to the health of our region’s people.
— Anahma Shannon

The opportunity to expand to other regions

Alaska Air Cargo is open to working with other community organizations to expand the program to carry recyclables out of other regions across the state of Alaska. “This starts with Nome but has the potential to benefit a lot of communities as part of our longstanding commitment to the state of Alaska,” Olver said.

The biggest benefit is to public health, Shannon said. “People here rely on their environment for subsistence resources all year long,” she said. “They eat the meat, the berries, the greens, they drink the water, and they breathe the air of our environment. The great part about doing this work is that you know you’re contributing to the health of our region’s people.”

This article was first published by Alaska Airlines at